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中国四川省訪問レポート(2)<English>

The visit of Yingxiu(映秀)

On May 12, 2008 14:28, Yingxiu, the south of Wenchuan County experienced a magnitude 8.0 earthquake with the focal depth of 14km. It was the worst hit in the Wenchuan earthquake. The beautiful Yingxiu was almost razed to the ground.
Yingxiu covers an area of 115.12 square kilometers, with a population of nearly 10 thousand. It has over 31 villagers’ groups. The total output value of township enterprises is nearly 16 million. It is also the important way to Jiuzhaigou(九寨沟), which had Magnitude 7.0 earthquake on August 9th 21:19. After the deep consideration, we kept Yingxiu as our destination of the visit.

 One research group of Sichuan University- HongKong Polytechnic University Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction (IDMR) has received us in Yingxiu.
Firstly, we visited the Yingxiu Xuankou Middle School. This site is the only left building in Yingxiu to show the picture of the tragic of Wenchuan earthquake. Time is forever stuck at this moment, to remind people of the tragedy of the disaster.

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The experimental building, which had the national flag flying, was the only building that kept well after the earthquake. According to the research team, the flag displays in almost every family in Yingxiu nowadays. There are mainly two meanings. First, it is the hope that if they meet the earthquake again, their houses can be kept well like this building. Second, it shows the strong feeling of patriotism and gratitude.

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 After leaving the site, we walked along the road of a cultural corridor with writing blessing; it is the commemorative of Wenchuan earthquake.
The museum is on the top of the mountain, under the narrator’s explanation, we went back to the tragic moment of nine years ago, and our mood were heavy. Disaster is the same for any nation or country. As a DNGL student, we should take the responsibility of making contribution to the disaster nursing.

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 Back to the foot of the mountain, we visited the new Yingxiu, the research team explained the new building combined the Tibetan and Qiang ethnic minority with modern construction technology, they use a lot of seismic technology, and the new Yingxiu is the production and combination of safety and beauty.

After the visit, the research group did a small interview with Professor Mashino.
Q: How do you think about the reconstruction of new Yingxiu?
A: It is cruel to make people do the reconstruction by themselves. I do respect that Chinese government put a lot of money and energy on the reconstruction.
Q: What do you think about unified planning and construction?
A:It is good to have the unified construction. The small town has a coordinated pattern and the town is very beautiful as a whole now. However, it would be better if people could have autonomy in the process of reconstruction.
Q: nowadays, the development of Yingxiu is mainly depending on the tourism industry, how do you consider about it?
A: I do agree with it, but we should not limit ourselves to the development of tourism based on earthquake sites. This is a beautiful place, there will be more worthy of exploitation and sustainable to be developed.

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   Next year is the 10th anniversary Wenchuan earthquake, Yingxiu as the most serious damaged area, is the key reconstruction city and the microcosm of the Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction. It deserves our continued attention of how to combine the needs of residents with economic development, in order to achieve sustainable development.

(Reported by Hu Qin)